Junior

Coupled together with a strong work ethic and an enriching learning environment, we are confident that we help each child to develop towards its full potential.


Academic

Independent Prep School in Kent

Breaside provides a rich learning environment for boys and girls. Our curriculum is designed to meet our objective of preparing children for senior schools. In addition, we attach great importance to providing all children with a balanced and broadly based education, from their first days in the Kindergarten through to the age of 11.

French is taught from Kindergarten to Year 6 and an annual trip to France in Year 6 gives our children the opportunity to practise the language skills that they have learned. Spanish club is also on offer and as a school we are very aware of the future needs of our children in the global economy in which we live.


The Junior School

In Years 3 and 4, form tutors continue to be responsible for teaching English, Maths & PSHE, although the children now receive specialist teaching in ICT, Science, History, Geography & Religious Education as well. These two years see a consolidation of the Key Stage 1 work as the children begin to prepare for their 11+ entrance tests and Key Stage 2 SATs. In Years 5 and 6, Breaside’s unique preparation for entrance exams to over 20 different Secondary School is key. Parent consultations with the Headteacher and staff are a priority to support those important decisions parents need to make. This is a partnership where pupils, teachers and parents talk about options and choices. Children can enjoy the highest standards of teaching together with the individual attention that they need in the lead up to their 11+ examinations at the end of Year 6. English and Maths at Year 6 are taught by specialists in both subjects.


Specialist Teaching

At Breaside all children in the Junior Department are given the opportunity to be educated by our team of specialist teaching staff.

Science is taught by a specialist teacher in a dedicated, fully resourced classroom to pupils from Year 2 to Year 6. We have an interactive whiteboard and IT resources including a variety of computer simulations for teaching topics such as the Earth, Sun, Moon and Gases around us. We have a wide range of biological models, measuring and circuits equipment together with vibrant, colourful posters and textbooks.

French & Spanish are taught from Kindergarten to Year 6 and an annual trip to France in Year 6 gives our children the opportunity to practise the language skills that they have learnt. Spanish club is also on offer and as a school we are very aware of the future needs of our children in the global economy in which we live.

Art/Design Technology/Food Technology – All Breaside children participate in art, design technology and craft activities where they can develop their powers of observation,  technical skill, presentation and individual creativity. As part of their curriculum food technology is now also included, and in addition there are cookery clubs for both Infants and Juniors.

Sport –  Both boys and girls have a full sporting program at Breaside, we encourage healthy competition in PE and Sports, offering fixtures with other schools, swimming galas and the teaching and practising of skills in lessons. We consider sport to be an integral part of education and development. A calendar is published at the start of each term which contains a full programme of matches and tournaments with other schools at many of the different age groups and levels of competition. In all areas of sport, a sense of fair play and team spirit are encouraged as well as a healthy desire to win fairly and to lose graciously.

Our Sports Days are held in the summer term to which all parents are invited. As well as making full use of our own facilities, the school also has use of Bromley Cricket Club which is local and used for lessons, this is where our home fixtures for football, cricket and rugby are played against other schools.

ICT is taught from Reception through to Year 6. Many opportunities are provided for all of our children from photography, computerised toys, interactive whiteboards and of course our fully equipped ICT suite. Our Kindergarten is also fully equipped with its own interactive whiteboard, computers and electronic toys.


In Years 3, 4, 5 and 6 form teachers continue to be responsible for the pastoral care and welfare of the children in their respective form.  Year 3 children see a consolidation of the Key Stage 1 work as the children begin to prepare for their 11+ entrance tests and Key Stage 2 SATs. In addition to this, children will be given Non-Verbal and Verbal Reasoning papers and assessment papers for other Senior Schools.  Breaside children can enjoy the highest standards of teaching together with the individual attention that they need in the lead up to their Entrance Tests and 11+ examinations in Year 6.

Breaside is extremely proud of its continued success in achieving the highest standards of education and ensuring every child reaches their full potential and gains a place in the best possible school for the individual.

Please use the links below to learn more about our curriculum: Independent Prep School in Kent

English

At Key Stage 2 our aims and objectives in the areas of:-

SPEAKING AND LISTENING, READING and WRITING are:

  • To enable the children to express themselves clearly using standard spoken English.  The children are encouraged to listen attentively to others and value their opinions, as well as learning to concentrate on and carry out instructions.
  • To encourage the children to read fluently, confidently and with understanding.  We hope that this will foster an enjoyment of reading throughout their lives.
  • To encourage the children to be aware of the fact that we write in different ways for different purposes and to become confident, independent writers.In addition, their handwriting needs to be legible and spelling and punctuation used correctly.

 

ENGLISH – YEAR 3

 Year 3 follows the programme of study for Key Stage 2 National Curriculum English in the three Attainment Targets.

A.T.1   –           Speaking and Listening

A.T.2   –           Reading

A.T.3   –           Writing

 

Speaking and Listening

Listening to poetry

Learning by heart and reciting poetry

Listening to short stories read by the teacher

Reading aloud

Recounting events and expressing opinions

Preparing a presentation to the class and other audiences

Discussion of issues in groups

 

Reading

Whole class reading from three of the following books:

Harriet’s Hare, George’s Marvellous Medicine, Harry the Poisonous Centipede,

The Iron Man, Charlotte’s Webb

Choices from a range of fiction and non-fiction texts in the School Library

Descriptions, poetry, plays, information texts etc

 

Writing (for a variety of audiences)

Formal comprehension

Imaginative/creative writing

Book reviews

Personal and formal letter writing

Giving instructions

Argumentative/persuasive writing

Poetry

Conversation

Play scripts

Writing reports

There will be constant reinforcement of grammar and punctuation.

 

Spelling and Handwriting

Spellings are set each week and tested on Fridays

Handwriting is practised regularly and once a child is writing in a comfortable, flowing style, they will be able to use an ink pen (usually in the final term of Year 3)

French

Pupils are taught French from Kindergarten to Year 6 by our native French teacher.

We also run a language club where the children learn Spanish or are able to consolidate their study of French.

 

Art, Drama and Music

Art

All our children participate in art and craft activities where they can develop their powers of observation, technical skill, presentation and creativity.

 

Drama

Children are encouraged to take part in a variety of dramatic activities to develop their imaginations and creativity. All pupils have the opportunity to participate in plays, recitals and seasonal performances as well as to lead school assemblies. Dance is taught by a specialist.

 

Music

Music is an integral part of the curriculum and each child is encouraged to participate in music making, whether it be in the choir, musical groups or by taking individual lessons from a team of experienced and dedicated professional peripatetic teachers. Many are encouraged to enter for the Associated Boards of Music examinations. Concerts and recitals take place throughout the year.

For details of forthcoming exhibitions, plays and concerts, have a look at our calendar.

 

Sport

At Breaside, we encourage healthy competition in PE and Sports offering fixtures against other schools and the teaching and practising of skills in lessons. We consider sport to be an integral part of education and development.

A full calendar is published at the start of each term which contains a full programme of matches and tournaments against other schools at many of the different age groups and levels of competition. In all areas of sport, a sense of fair play and team spirit are encouraged as well as a healthy desire to win fairly and to lose graciously.

Our Sports Days are held in the summer term to which all parents are invited. As well as making full use of our own facilities, the school also has use of the local cricket club http://www.bromleycricketclub.org.uk/ for lessons and where some of our fixtures are played against other schools

Mathematics

Introduction

At Breaside Preparatory School the teaching of Mathematics reflects the enormous depth and brevity of the subject.  The dedicated Mathematics staff at the school provide challenging work that reflects the high standards that our children achieve in Mathematics.

 

The National Numeracy Strategy

Breaside Preparatory School is guided by the National Numeracy Strategy (NNS) to a large degree.  A high priority is placed upon the development of basic skills at Breaside.  We devote at least five hours of teaching time per week to the development of mathematical skills and understanding.

The NNS defines numeracy and the characteristics of the “numerate pupil” on p.4, Section 1. We accept those definitions and share the view expounded in the NNS of the factors that pronounce high standards in numeracy (pp.4-5)

Breaside has naturally developed its own approach to the teaching of Mathematics and we have thus selected the resources that we feel are best suited to our purpose, taking into account particular local conditions which might influence the organisation and pace of our curriculum.

The NNS is an extremely detailed and practical document.  The broad framework is helpful in ensuring the balanced coverage of the Attainment Targets for Mathematics at Breaside – Number, Shape, Space and Measures: Handling Data.

It is important to understand that no separate programme of study is defined for ssing and applying Mathematics, as it should pervade each of the three Attainment Targets.

The Breaside Mathematics Curriculum achieves all of the requirements of the NNS and indeeds goes further – it comprehensively ensures that all pupils experience and develop an ability to apply their aquired skills and knowledge appropriately to a variety of mathematical situations.

Breaside serves the needs of a particular community and as such has its own approach to teaching and learning.  We are however guided and informed in our approach by the ‘Curriculum Guidance for the Foundation Stage’, by the National Curriculum orders for Key Stage 1 and 2  and by the National Literacy and Numeracy Strategies.  We enter our pupils for National Curriculum Key Stage 2 SATs and Key Stage 1 SATs therefore, we ensure thorough coverage of the knowledge, skills and understanding required for those tests.

A broad range of ability is evident amongst our pupils at Breaside.  There will be those pupils for whom the agreed expectations will be a considerable challenge, others whose achievements will take them beyond the general expectation.  Where it is approriate, work will be planned to differentiate (by task or by outcome) between pupils of varied ability.  At Breaside, differentiation is also planned through ‘grouping’ or ‘setting’ strategies.

 

Aims – Breaside Mathematics 

The Aims of our department include:

  1. Recognition and understanding of the ways in which children acquire mathematical understanding.
  2. Facilitation of the pupil’s Mathematical skills acquisition so that they are able to engage in practical activities, explorations and discussions to develop an understanding, knowledge of and love for Mathematics.
  3. Coherence and continuity – to ensure that at each successive stage, skills and knowledge are consolidated and built upon.
  4. Mathematics should be fun.  Mathematics is a creative discipline and should be used to ‘..understand and change the world’ (NNS)
  5. We must help pupils (at particular stages) to develop appropriate examination ‘techniques’ and must provide opportunities for the practice of those techniques.

In summary our aim is to provide children with a comprehensive range of mental and written strategies, with mathematical understanding and with the ability to recognise, with confidence, the mathematics that must be applied to the solution of a variety of problems – a fusion of the mechanical and the creative.

More detailed information is available about each individual year group by clicking on the following links:

 

Year 3

National Curriculum guidelines for the teaching of Mathematics are followed, using the Heinemann Maths Scheme Level 4 and a wealth of independent resources. Cooperative work and a Problem Solving Approach is encouraged throughout Year 3 in order to develop the pupil’s knowledge and use of Mathematical Skills. The Year 3 curriculum follows the National Numeracy Strategy. Work is differentiated by task, so that children are working at their own levels of ability and pace. Extension and reinforcement work is given where necessary.

Mathematics equipment required:
HE pencils, sharpener, eraser, clear plastic 30cm ruler, mathematics set including compass, protractor and set squares.

 

Attainment Targets
Number.
Measure.
Shape and Handling Data

 

Key Objectives

  • Daily mental maths tests.
  • Place value to 999.
  • Adding and subtracting hundreds, tens and units.
  • Revision of multiplication tables 2, 3, 4, 5 and 10.
  • Introduction of multiplication tables 6, 7, 8 and 9.
  • Multiplication using a calculator and multiplication patterns.
  • Division — sharing and grouping.
  • Division of tens and units by 2, 3, 4 and 5.
  • Money notation, coins, and problems up to £5.00.
  • Fractions and link with division.
  • Ordering and comparison of fractions.
  • Length, quarter metre, metres and centimetres.
  • Area, counting squares and half squares.
  • Area, square and half square centimetres.
  • Weight, grams, kilograms, and half kilograms.
  • Time – later and earlier, duration in hours and minutes.
  • Time – analogue and digital clocks.
  • Time – minutes past and minutes to, just before and just after.
  • Calendars and timetables.
  • Volume, litres and half litres.
  • 3D shape, shapes of faces, corners and edges.
  • Using grid references to read and plot locations.
  • One and two lines of symmetry.
  • Tiling, using triangles, squares, rectangles and hexagons.
  • Right angles, pathways, turning clockwise and anticlockwise.
  • 4 point and 8 point compass.
  • Handling data, extracting and organizing information.
  • Interpreting and drawing bar graphs and pictograms.
  • Survey, collecting, organizing and displaying data.

 

Year 4

National Curriculum guidelines for the teaching of Mathematics are followed, using the Heinemann Maths Scheme Level 5 and a wealth of independent resources. Cooperative work and a Problem Solving Approach is encouraged throughout Year 4 in order to develop the pupil’s knowledge and use of Mathematical Skills. The Year 4 curriculum follows the National Numeracy Strategy. Work is differentiated by task, so that children are working at their own levels of ability and pace. Extension and reinforcement work is given where necessary.

 

Mathematics equipment required:
JIB pencils, sharpener, eraser, clear plastic 30cm ruler, mathematics set including compass, protractor and set squares.

 

Attainment Targets
Number.
Space and Shape.
Data Handling.

 

Key Objectives
• Daily mental maths tests.
• Place value to 9999.
• Add, subtract, multiply and divide to 1000.
• Money problems up to £20.00.
• Fractions and equivalent fractions.
• Decimal fractions, add subtract, multiply and divide up to 9 and
rules for multiply and divide by 10.
• Use Distributive law for multiplying by 11 to 19 and
multiplication by multiples of 10
• Time, am and pm, calendars and timetables.
• Meters and cms, number work and practical measurement.
• Area, cm squared and half cm squared.
• Weight, grams and kilograms, number work and practical work.
• Volume, litres and ml, number work and practical work.
• Coordinates and grids.
• Symmetry and mirror images, pattern work in connection.
• Tilings, hexagons, kites and other shapes.

 

Year 5

National Curriculum guidelines for the teaching of Mathematics are followed, using the Heinemann Maths Scheme Level 6 and a wealth of independent resources. Cooperative work and a Problem Solving Approach is encouraged throughout Year 5 in order to develop the pupil’s knowledge and use of Mathematical Skills. The Year 5 curriculum follows the National Numeracy Strategy. Work is differentiated by task, so that children are working at their own levels of ability and pace. Extension and reinforcement work is given where necessary.

 

Mathematics Equipment required:
HB pencils, sharpener, clear plastic 30cm ruler, eraser, mathematics set including compass, protractor and set squares.

 

Attainment Targets
Number and the number system.
Calculations.
Solving Problems.
Handling Data.
Measures, shape and space.
Key Objectives
• Multiply and divide any positive integer up to 10000 by 10 or 100 and understand the effect.
• Order a given set of positive and negative integers.
• Use decimal notation for tenths and hundredths.
• Round a number with one or two decimal places to the nearest integer.
• Relate fractions to division and to their decimal representations.
• Use decimal notation for tenths and hundredths.
• Round a number with one or two decimal places to the nearest integer.
• Relate fractions to their decimal representations.
• Calculate mentally a difference such as 8006 – 2993.
• Carry out column addition and subtraction of positive integers less than 10000.
• Know by heart all multiplication facts up to 10 x 10.
• Carry out short multiplication and division of three-digits by a single-digit integer. Carry out long multiplication and division of two-digits by a two-digit integer.
• Understand area measured in square centimeters (cm2), understand and use the formula in words ‘length x breadth’ for the area of a rectangle.
• Recognize parallel and perpendicular lines and properties of rectangles.
• Use all four operations to solve simple word problems involving number and quantities , including time, explaining methods and reasoning.

 

Year 6

National Curriculum guidelines for the teaching of Mathematics are followed, using the Heinemann Maths Scheme Level 7 and a wealth of independent resources. Cooperative work and a Problem Solving Approach is encouraged throughout Year 6 in order to develop the pupil’s knowledge and use of Mathematical Skills. The Year 6 curriculum follows the National Numeracy Strategy. Work is differentiated by task, so that children are working at their own levels of ability and pace. Extension and reinforcement work is given where necessary.

 

Mathematics Equipment required:
RB pencils, sharpener, clear plastic 30cm ruler, and eraser, mathematics set including compass, protractor and set squares.

 

Attainment Targets
Number and the number system.
Calculations.
Solving Problems.
Handling Data.
Measures, shape and space.

 

Key Objectives
• Multiply and divide decimals mentally by 10 or 100, and integers by 1000, and explain the effect.
• Reduce a fraction to its simplest form by canceling common factors.
• Use a fraction as an operator to find fractions of numbers or quantities.
• Solve simple problems involving. Ratio and proportion.
• Order a mixed set of numbers with up to three decimal places.
• Understand percentage as the number of parts in every 100.
• Find simple percentages of small whole-number quantities.
• Extend written methods to column addition and subtraction of numbers involving decimals.
• Derive quickly: Division facts corresponding to tables up to 10 x 10.
• Extend written methods to: Short multiplication of numbers involving decimals; long multiplication of a three-digit by a two-digit integer; short division of numbers involving decimals.
• Explain methods and reasoning.
• Solve a problem by representing, extracting and interpreting data in tables, graphs, charts and diagrams, including those
generated by a computer.
• Use, read and write standard metric units (1cm, m, cm, mm, kg, g, mg, 1, ml, cl.), including their abbreviations, and relationships between units
• Calculate the perimeter and area of simple compound shapes that can be split into rectangles.
• Read and plot co-ordinates in all four quadrants.
• Use a protractor to measure and draw acute and obtuse angles to the nearest degree.
• Identify and use appropriate operations (including combinations of operations) to solve word problems involving numbers and
quantities
• Explain methods and reasoning.

Science

Introduction

Science at Key Stage 2 is taught by a specialist teacher in a dedicated Science room. Pupils in Years 3 to 5 have three Science lessons each week. In the well equipped Science room, which is adjacent to the ICT suite we have an interactive whiteboard and IT resources including a variety of computer simulations for teaching topics such as the Earth, the Sun and the Moon and Gases around us.  There is a wide range of biological models, measuring and circuits equipment together with vibrant and colourful posters and textbooks.

The school has its own wildlife garden adjacent to the school grounds which is used as an additional resource for the teaching of environmental topics.  Inside the classroom we have a collection of captive bred insects for aiding the teaching of topics such as life cycles.

 

Aims 

Our main aims in teaching science at Breaside are:  

  • To help the children to understand the world about them by learning about a wide range of living things, materials and physical phenomena.
  • To show the children that Science is relevant to them and their everyday lives.
  • To encourage the children to use and apply their scientific knowledge and their own ideas to explain events occurring around them.
  • To develop their methods of scientific enquiry. Investigative work encourages teamwork, co-operation, communication skills, and originality of thought.
  • Finally, we hope to stimulate pupils’ curiosity and sense of wonder when they explore the natural and the physical world.

 

The teaching of science

We follow the programmes of study for Key Stage 2 National Curriculum Science.

There are four main areas of science that pupils study (called Attainment targets)

Sc1     Scientific Enquiry

Sc2     Life processes and living things

Sc3     Materials and their properties

Sc4     Physical processes

We use the QCA exemplar science scheme as a guideline for our plans of work.

To find out more detailed information about work for specific Year groups click on the links below:

 

Year 3 Science 

Scientific enquiry

Throughout the following topics the children will have the opportunities to suggest questions and ideas make simple predictions and collect evidence. They will consider whether a test or a comparison is unfair. They will make measurements of force, length, time and volume using simple measuring equipment. Their results will be presented in drawings, bar charts and tables and the children will be encouraged to identify simple patterns in their results and draw conclusions.

 

Life processes and living things

Helping plants to grow well

  • The importance of roots, stems and leaves
  • The need for light, water and warmth

Teeth and eating

  • The function of each type of tooth
  • The importance of dental care
  • Humans need an adequate and varied diet

 

 Materials and their properties 

Characteristics of materials

  • Uses and properties of materials
  • Testing materials for durability, absorbency and elasticity

Rocks and soils

  • Characteristics and uses of rocks
  • Permeability of rocks and soils

 

 Physical processes

Forces and movement

  • The force of gravity and magnetic forces
  • Forces associated with springs and elastic bands

Circuits and conductors

  • Construction of simple electrical circuits
  • Electrical conductors and insulators
  • Varying the brightness of bulbs in a circuit

 

Year 4 Science

Scientific enquiry

Throughout the following topics the children will have the opportunities to suggest questions that can be tested and make predictions based on scientific knowledge. They will design a fair test and plan how to collect sufficient evidence. They will make increasingly accurate measurements of length, temperature and volume and make observations and comparisons of relevant features in a variety of contexts. Equipment such as thermometers, measuring cylinders and beakers will be used and techniques such as sieving and filtering will be introduced. Observations and measurements will be recorded in tables and bar charts and the pupils will draw conclusions and suggest explanations for their results.

Life processes and living things

Moving and growing

  • The main functions of the skeleton
  • Muscle contraction and movement

Habitats

  • Identification of local habitats and organisms that live there

Feeding relationships and food chains

  • Use of keys to identify plants and animals

Materials and their properties

Keeping warm

  • Thermometers and the measurement of temperature
  • Thermal insulators and their everyday uses

Solids, liquids and how they can be separated

  • Differences between solids and liquids
  • Melting, freezing and dissolving
  • Separation of mixtures by sieving and filtering

Physicals processes

Light and shadow formation

  •     Light sources and shadow formation
  •     Opaque, translucent and transparent material

Earth, Sun and Moon

  • The spin of the Earth and the apparent movement of the Sun
  • Daytime and night-time and the rotation of the Earth

 

Year 5 Science

Scientific enquiry

Throughout these topics the children will have the opportunities to make predictions, plan a fair test and identify factors that need to be taken into consideration in different contexts. They will make careful observations of a range of musical instruments, learn about the properties and importance of gases and understand the processes of evaporation, condensation, germination, pollination and seed dispersal. They will measure pulse rate and consider why observations and measurements should be repeated. Pupils will present results in bar charts and line graphs and will decide whether their results support any prediction made. The reliability of evidence collected will be considered and they will use scientific knowledge and understanding to interpret data and draw conclusions.

Life processes and living things

Keeping healthy

  • The importance of a varied and balanced diet.
  • The heart and the importance of exercise

Life cycles

  • The life cycle of the flowering plant
  • The growth and development of humans

Interdependence and adaptation

  • Food chains and adaptations of organisms to their environment

Materials and their properties

Gases around us

  • The properties and importance of gases

Changing state

  • The evaporation of liquids and condensation of gases
  • The water cycle

Physical processes

Changing sounds

  • Sound and vibrations
  • How sound travels through different materials
  • How pitch and loudness can be altered in a range of musical instruments

 

Year 6 Science

Scientific enquiry

Throughout these topics the children will carry out complete investigations. They will have opportunities to make predictions using scientific knowledge and understanding; choose what evidence to collect and what equipment to use. They will make careful and relevant observations and measurements and decide when these need to be checked by repeating to give more reliable results. Data will be recorded in their own tables and graphs, and conclusions drawn with reasoned explanations.

Life processes and living things

Micro-organisms

  • Harmful micro-organisms cause illness and decay
  • Beneficial micro-organisms can be used in food production

Enquiry in environmental contexts

Materials and their properties

More about dissolving

  • Factors that affect the rate of dissolving

Reversible and irreversible changes

  • Classify melting, freezing, evaporation, dissolving and condensing as reversible changes
  • Irreversible changes such as burning produce new materials

Physical processes

Forces in action

  • Gravitational attraction, weight and friction (including air resistance)

Electrical circuits

  • Use of circuit diagrams and conventional symbols
  • Changing the current in a circuit

How we see things